Jain concepts

the way of ahimsa; Digambara and Svetambara
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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:28 am

aśaraņa bhāvanā – the helplessness of the soul.[20]

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:29 am

saṃsāra – the pain and suffering implied in transmigration;

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:29 am

aikatva bhāvanā – the inability of another to share one’s suffering and sorrow;

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:29 am

anyatva bhāvanā – the distinctiveness between the body and the soul;

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:29 am

aśuci bhāvanā – the filthiness of the body;

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:29 am

āsrava bhāvanā – influx of karmic matter;

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:30 am

saṃvara bhāvanā – stoppage of karmic matter;

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:30 am

nirjarā bhāvanā – gradual shedding of karmic matter;

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:30 am

loka bhāvanā – the form and divisions of the universe and the nature of the conditions prevailing in the different regions – heavens, hells, and the like;

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:30 am

bodhidurlabha bhāvanā – the extreme difficulty in obtaining human birth and, subsequently, in attaining true faith; and

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:30 am

dharma bhāvanā – the truth promulgated by Lord Jina.

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:31 am

In his Niyamasara, Acarya Kundakunda, also describes yoga bhakti—devotion to the path to liberation—as the highest form of devotion.[21]

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:31 am

The Sthananga Sutra (c. 2nd century BCE) gives a summary of four main types of meditation (dhyana) or concentrated thought. The first two are mental or psychological states in which a person may become fully immersed and are causes of bondage. The other two are pure states of meditation and conduct, which are causes of emancipation. They are:[22]

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:31 am

Arta-Dhyana, "a mental condition of suffering, agony and anguish." Usually caused by thinking about an object of desire or a painful ailment.

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:32 am

Raudra-Dhyana, associated with cruelty, aggressive and possessive urges.

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:32 am

Dharma-Dhyana, "virtuous" or "customary", refers to knowledge of the soul, the non-soul and the universe. Over time this became associated with discriminating knowledge (bheda-vijñāna) of the tattvas (truths or fundamental principles).

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:32 am

Sukla-Dhyana (pure or white), divided into (1) Multiple contemplation, (pṛthaktva-vitarka-savicāra);

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:32 am

(2) Unitary contemplation, (aikatva-vitarka-nirvicāra);

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:33 am

(3) Subtle infallible physical activity (sūkṣma-kriyā-pratipāti);

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Re: Jain concepts

Post by DNS » Fri Dec 21, 2018 5:33 am

(4) Irreversible stillness of the soul (vyuparata-kriyā-anivarti). The first two are said to require knowledge of the lost Jain scriptures known as purvas and thus it is considered by some Jains that pure meditation was no longer possible. The other two forms are said in the Tattvartha sutra to be only accessible to Kevalins (enlightened ones).[23]

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