Bhagavad Gita

includes modern movements; ISKCON, SRF, TM, etc.
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Nicholas
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Bhagavad Gita

Post by Nicholas » Wed Jul 06, 2016 4:36 pm

This portion of the Mahabharata is beloved in India and around the world, since many translations have appeared in Western languages.

Among the many traditional commentaries, this one by the young genius Sri Jnanadeva (13th c.) is rich with devotion, esoterica and wisdom:

http://www.bvbpune.org/dnyaneshawri.html

Part of his comments on 18:12
When a grain falls on the ground from the ear of a corn, it germinates
and produces another ear of corn and this process continues - ad infinitum. So when one
is experiencing the fruits of his past actions, he goes on performing actions and creating more
fruits of action, like a person who takes one step after another while walking. A ferry takes
passengers from one bank to another and continuously moves between the two banks; in
the same way, there is no end to the experience of the fruit of actions (251-255). This experience
is ever on the increase, as the action, which ends (sadhya) becomes the means (sadhana)
for a fresh action and so those who do not relinquish the fruit of actions, become entangled
evermore in worldly existence.
Other English translations are available, but this one by Yardi is online.
Last edited by Nicholas on Mon Jun 12, 2017 1:45 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Wholesome virtuous behavior progressively leads to the foremost. -- Buddha

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Nicholas
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Re: Bhagavad Gita, 'bible' of Hindus

Post by Nicholas » Tue Aug 09, 2016 3:03 pm

A key verse supporting the notion of 'all paths lead to God, or the Divine'. Krishna the Avatar of the Divine, speaks:
In whatever way men approach Me, in that way I love them ; in all ways the sons of man follow My way.
Chapter 4:11
Wholesome virtuous behavior progressively leads to the foremost. -- Buddha

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Nicholas
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Re: Bhagavad Gita

Post by Nicholas » Mon Jun 12, 2017 1:47 pm

I am now re-reading the classic esoteric Nath based commentary by Swami Yogananda. Read it first 20 years ago and am able to appreciate it better now. Also have read Lahiri Mahasay and Sri Yukteshwar's comments, but Yogananda's is deeper, fuller and more in tune with we benighted Occidentals. He did live here for 30 years or so.

His treatment of the first, usually ignored chapter, is amazing. He devotes 150 pages to the occult meanings of the warriors & their families etc.! His title, God Talks to Arjuna, is a tribute to a verse in Sir Arnold's Gita version.
Wholesome virtuous behavior progressively leads to the foremost. -- Buddha

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Nicholas
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Re: Bhagavad Gita

Post by Nicholas » Wed Mar 21, 2018 9:11 pm

On Parabrahman, That which is to be known:
I shall declare now That which is to be
known, by knowing which one attains
immortality. The Supreme Brahman is
beginningless; It is said to be neither Sat
(existence) nor Asat (non-existence). [12]

With hands and feet everywhere, with
eyes, heads and mouths everywhere and
with ears everywhere in the universe,
That alone exists enveloping all. [13]

It shines through the functions of all
the senses, and yet It is without senses;
unattached, yet It sustains all; devoid of
Gunas (qualities), yet It is the experiencer of Gunas. [14]

It exists within and without all beings;
It is unmoving as well as moving, incomprehensible
because of Its subtlety; It is far and also near. [15]

Indivisible, yet It exists as if divided
in beings; It is to be known as the Sustainer
of beings; It destroys and also generates.[16]

It is the Light of lights and is said to
be beyond darkness. It is knowledge, the
One to be known, and the Goal of knowledge,
dwelling in the hearts of all. [17]
Chapter 13, Swami Paramananda translation.
Wholesome virtuous behavior progressively leads to the foremost. -- Buddha

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Nicholas
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Re: Bhagavad Gita

Post by Nicholas » Thu Jun 14, 2018 3:30 am

The modern caste system based on birth is a horrid distortion of the original, which is based on innate natural traits, or "according to his nature" as the text says. Plato also had a similar division based on character.
Neither on earth, nor in heaven, nor among the gods is there any being which
is free from these Three Powers [gunas] born of Nature [svabhava]. (40)

The works of Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra, O consumer of the foe,
are apportioned according to the powers inherent in the character of each.

Peace, control, penance, purity, patience, and also rectitude, wisdom,
knowledge, affirmative faith, are the Brahman's work, according to his nature.

Heroism, fire, firmness, skill, and refusal to flee in battle, giving of gifts,
governing, are the works of the Kshatriya, according to his nature.

Ploughing, tending cattle, commerce, are the natural work of the Vaishya; work
which consists in service is the natural work of the Shudra.
Chapter 18:40-44
Wholesome virtuous behavior progressively leads to the foremost. -- Buddha

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