Ramayana

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Nicholas
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Ramayana

Post by Nicholas » Mon Oct 24, 2016 4:41 pm

Another Indian classic, the story of an early Avatar. This translation of the traditional source text by Valmiki is by Hari Prasad Shastri in three volumes.

http://ia800500.us.archive.org/13/items ... hastri.pdf
Wholesome virtuous behavior progressively leads to the foremost. -- Buddha

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Nicholas
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Re: Ramayana

Post by Nicholas » Sun Oct 30, 2016 1:26 am

Shastri's pdf when copied, comes out with too many display problems, so here is how Swami Venkatesananda's condensation begins:
Valmiki asked the foremost among sages, Narada: "Who is
there in this world who is of good nature, powerful, righteous,
alert in action, truthful in speech, firm in resolve, exemplary
in conduct, devoted to the welfare of all beings, learned, skilful,
with a pleasant presence, self-controlled, with anger overcome,
resplendent and free from jealousy, of whom even the gods
are afraid when he is angered?"

Delighted, the sage Narada narrated in brief the whole of
the Ramayana, after extolling the glories of lord Rama who
was the one person that matched the description implied in
Valmiki 's question. "Rama is the peer of lord Vishnu! And in
his nature he is like the ocean, the Himalayas, mother earth,
the god of wealth and dharma himself. " Narada recounted the
story of Rama.
Wholesome virtuous behavior progressively leads to the foremost. -- Buddha

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Nicholas
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Re: Ramayana

Post by Nicholas » Wed Jun 26, 2019 10:21 pm

A recent three volume critical edition by Debroy starts like this:
Narada* was a bull among sages, devoted to austerities and self-studying. He was an ascetic and
supreme among those who were eloquent. Valmiki asked him, ‘Right now, who in this world is valorous
and possesses all the qualities? Who knows about dharma and about what has been done? Who is
truthful in his words and firm in his vows? Who also possesses good conduct and is engaged in the
welfare of all creatures? Who is also learned and capable? Who alone is the handsome one? Who has
control over his own self and has conquered anger? Who is radiant and devoid of jealousy? When his
anger is aroused in a battle, whom are even the gods scared of? I wish to hear about all this. My curiosity
is great. O great sage! You are the person who is capable of knowing about this kind of man. Narada knew
about the three worlds. On hearing these words, he was delighted.
He invited Valmiki to listen and said, ‘O sage! The many qualities you have recounted are extremely
rare. Using my intelligence, I will tell you about such a man. I have heard about him.** He was born in the
lineage of Ikshvaku*** and he is known to people as Rama. He is self-controlled in his soul and immensely
valorous.
* Narada was a son born to Brahmā through Brahma’s mental powers.
** From Brahmā. Narada recounts the core story of the Ramayana, in brief
*** The first king of the solar (surya) dynasty.
Wholesome virtuous behavior progressively leads to the foremost. -- Buddha

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Re: Ramayana

Post by Nicholas » Thu Jun 27, 2019 8:37 pm

Narada continues to praise Rama; notes are by Debroy.
He is radiant, possesses fortitude and is capable of controlling.6 He is intelligent and follows
good policy. He is eloquent and handsome. He is a destroyer of enemies. He possesses broad shoulders
and mighty arms. His neck is like a conch shell and his cheekbones stand out. His chest is broad and his
bow is huge. He is a subjugator of enemies and his collarbones are hidden. His arms stretch down to his
knees and he possesses an excellent head and a beautiful forehead. His tread is superb. He is medium in
size and his limbs are well proportioned. He is pleasant in complexion and powerful. His chest is
muscled and his eyes are large. He is prosperous and possesses all the auspicious qualities. He knows
about dharma. He is firm in adhering to the truth and is devoted to the welfare of the subjects. He is
famous and full of learning. He is pure, controlled and has restrained himself. He is a protector of the
world of the living and is also a protector of dharma. He knows the truth about the Vedas and Vedangas
and is skilled in dhanurveda.7 He knows the truth about all the sacred texts. He is resplendent and has
knowledge of the smriti texts.8 He is virtuous and is loved by all the people. He can discriminate and is
not distressed in his soul. Just as all rivers head towards the ocean, all virtuous people approach him. He
is noble9 and impartial towards everyone. He alone is the handsome one.
6 - With reference to the senses and vices.
7 - The Vedas are Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda. The six Vedangas are shiksha
(articulation and pronunciation), chhanda (prosody), vyakarana (grammar), nirukta (etymology),
jyotisha (astronomy) and kalpa (rituals). Dhanurveda is the science of war or fighting.
8 - This can also be translated as possessing an excellent memory. However, the sacred texts are of two
types—shruti and smriti. The texts mentioned earlier, as ones that Rama knows, are shruti texts.
Therefore, it seems natural to interpret this as smriti texts.
9 - The word used is arya.
Wholesome virtuous behavior progressively leads to the foremost. -- Buddha

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