Super large temples

Pictures of revered teachers, places, rupas, temples, shrine rooms etc. that bring inspiration to our members. Pilgrimage advice etc.
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Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:20 pm

Angkor Wat, Cambodia

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:20 pm

Angkor Wat is a temple complex at Angkor, Cambodia, built for the king Suryavarman II in the early 12th century as his state temple and capital city. As the best-preserved temple at the site, it is the only one to have remained a significant religious centre since its foundation—first Hindu, dedicated to Vishnu, then Buddhist. The temple is the epitome of the high classical style of Khmer architecture. It has become a symbol of Cambodia, appearing on its national flag, and it is the country's prime attraction for visitors.

Angkor Wat combines two basic plans of Khmer temple architecture: the temple mountain and the later galleried temple, based on early South Indian architecture, with key features such as the Jagati. It is designed to represent Mount Meru, home of the devas in Hindu mythology: within a moat and an outer wall 3.6 kilometres (2.2 mi) long are three rectangular galleries, each raised above the next. At the centre of the temple stands a quincunx of towers. The outer wall encloses a space of 820,000 square metres (203 acres), which besides the temple proper was originally occupied by the city and, to the north of the temple, the royal palace. Unlike most Angkorian temples, Angkor Wat is oriented to the west; scholars are divided as to the significance of this. The temple is admired for the grandeur and harmony of the architecture, its extensive bas-reliefs and for the numerous devatas (guardian spirits) adorning its walls.

The modern name, Angkor Wat, in use by the 16th century, means "City Temple": Angkor is a vernacular form of the word nokor which comes from the Sanskrit word nagara (capital), while wat is the Khmer word for temple. Prior to this time the temple was known as Preah Pisnulok, after the posthumous title of its founder, Suryavarman II.

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:21 pm

Borobudur

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:22 pm

Main stupa at Borobudur
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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:23 pm

Borobudur is the biggest Buddhist temple ever built and also one of the largest religious monuments in the world. The temple was begun in 750 CE by a king of the Sailahendra Dynasty of Java, Indonesia and took many years to finish. Borobudur consists of six polygonal and three circular terraces one on top of the other and each smaller than the one below it. The last three round terraces have seventy three small stupas on them and a large central one. The sides of all the lower terraces have hundreds of carved panels on them depicting scenes from the Buddhacarita and the Jàtakamàlà and several other Buddhist books. This amazing temple is constructed in such a way that a pilgrim starting at the bottom could learn about the Buddha’s former lives and his last life as he or her made their way to the top. Thus Borobudur is actually not only a temple but also a stupa and a book of Dhamma in stone.

Borobudur is built as a single large stupa, and when viewed from above takes the form of a giant tantric Buddhist mandala, simultaneously representing the Buddhist cosmology and the nature of mind. The foundation is a square, approximately 118 meters (387 ft) on each side. It has nine platforms, of which the lower six are square and the upper three are circular. The upper platform features seventy-two small stupas surrounding one large central stupa. Each stupa is bell-shaped and pierced by numerous decorative openings. Statues of the Buddha sit inside the pierced enclosures.

Approximately 55,000 cubic metres (72,000 cu yd) of stones were taken from neighbouring rivers to build the monument. The stone was cut to size, transported to the site and laid without mortar. Knobs, indentations and dovetails were used to form joints between stones. Reliefs were created in-situ after the building had been completed. The monument is equipped with a good drainage system to cater for the area's high stormwater run-off. To avoid inundation, 100 spouts are provided at each corner with a unique carved gargoyles in the shape of giants or makaras.

The main vertical structure can be divided into three groups: base (or foot), body, and top, which resembles the three major division of a human body. The base is a 123x123 m (403.5x403.5 ft) square in size and 4 meters (13 ft) high of walls. The body is composed of five square platforms each with diminishing heights. The first terrace is set back 7 meters (23 ft) from the edge of the base. The other terraces are set back by 2 meters (7 ft), leaving a narrow corridor at each stage. The top consists of 3 circular platforms, with each stage supporting a row of perforated stupas, arranged in concentric circles. There is one main dome at the center; the top of which is the highest point of the monument (35 meters (115 ft) above ground level). Access to the upper part is through stairways at the centre of each side with a number of gates, watched by a total of 32 lion statues. The main entrance is at the eastern side, the location of the first narrative reliefs. On the slopes of the hill, there are also stairways linking the monument to the low-lying plain.

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:23 pm

Global Pagoda

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:24 pm

The Global Pagoda is a monument built in Mumbai, India, completed in 2009. The Global Pagoda is built out of gratitude to the Buddha, his teaching and the community of monks practicing his teaching. Its traditional Burmese design is an expression of gratitude towards the country of Myanmar for preserving the practice of Vipassana.

It is being built combining ancient Indian and modern technology to enable it to last for at least 2000 years. The center of the Global Pagoda contains the world's largest stone dome built without any supporting pillars. The planned height of the building is 96.12 meters, which is twice the size of the previously largest hollow stone monument in the world, the Gol Gumbaz Dome in Bijapur, India.

The inside of the pagoda is hollow and serves as a very large meditation hall with an area covering more than 6000 m2 (65,000 ft2). The massive inner dome seats over 8000 people enabling them to practice the non-sectarian Vipassana meditation as taught by Mr S. N. Goenka (who led this project to build this structure) and now widely being practiced in over 100 countries, including in many prisons such as Asia's largest prison, Tihar Jail, New Delhi, India.

Relics of Gotama the Buddha were enshrined in the central locking stone of the dome on October 29, 2006, making it the world's largest structure containing the bone relics of the Buddha.

The aim of the pagoda complex is, among others, to express gratitude to Buddha for dispensing for what followers believe is a universal teaching for the eradication of suffering, to educate the public about the life and teaching of the Buddha, and to provide a place for the practice of meditation.

The Global Pagoda complex is still under construction with plans to include a museum depicting the life and teaching of Buddha that is expected to draw hundreds of thousands of visitors annually. The Global Pagoda's educational displays will communicate the Buddha's universal teaching as a path towards real happiness.

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:24 pm

Ki Gompa

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:25 pm

Ki Gompa (also called Kye or Kee) is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery located on top of a hill close to the Spiti River, in the Spiti Valley of Himachal Pradesh, in India.

It is the biggest monastery of Spiti Valley and a religious training centre for Lamas. In the architectural definitions given to various monasteries, Ki falls in the 'Pasada' style which is characterised by more stories than one and often plays the role of a fort monastery.

The temple is at an elevation above sea level of 4,116 meters (13,504 feet), which is perhaps the highest temple in the world. There is the possibility that one or more temples in Western Tibet may be equally or greater in elevation. See: List of Buddhist Records and Trivia

Ki Gompa was attacked by the Mongols during the 17th century, and suffered three more attacks in the 19th century. The successive trails of destruction and patch-up jobs have resulted in a haphazard growth of box like structures, and so the monastery looks like a fort, where temples are built on top of one another. The walls of the monastery are covered by paintings and murals. It is an outstanding example of the monastic architecture, which developed during the 14th century in the wake of the Chinese influence. The Ki monastery has a collection of ancient murals and books of high aesthetic value and it enshrines Buddha images and idols, in the position of Dhyana.

This old monastery, which dates from around 1000 AD, is one of the oldest in Spiti Valley, second only to Tabo monastery. A celebration of its millennium was conducted in 2000 with the presence of the Dalai Lama.

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:26 pm

Ruwanwelisaya

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:26 pm

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:27 pm

The Ruwanwelisaya (also written as Ruvanvalisaya) is a stupa in Sri Lanka, considered a marvel for its architectural qualities and sacred to many Buddhists all over the world. Simply known also as the Great Stupa, the Ruvanvalisaya was constructed by Dutthagamani after he became king in 161 BCE. This was his most ambitious project and it is said that one of the architects designed the dome to resemble a bubble of milk. Sadly, the king did not live to see the completion of the stupa.

When it was finally completed, it was one of the wonders of the ancient world, with a diameter of 90 meters at the base and a height of 92 meters (300 ft) and circumference of 292 meters (950 ft). The stupa is one of the world's tallest monuments and was the fifth tallest structure of any kind when it was built in approximately 161 BCE.

The compound of the stupa is surrounded by four walls with elephant figures made into them. It is believed that relics of the Buddha are enshrined within the stupa. The Ruvanvalisaya was also designed with the teachings of the Buddha in mind. Its dome signifies the vastness of the doctrine, the four facets above it represent the Four Noble Truths, the concentric rings indicate the Noble Eightfold Middle Path, and the large crystal at the pinnacle represents the ultimate Buddhist goal of enlightenment.

The stupa is also one of the Solosmasthana (the 16 places of veneration) and the Atamasthana (the 8 places of veneration in the ancient sacred city of Anuradhapura). The entire city of Anuradhapura has been designated a UN World Heritage Site.

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:27 pm

Shwedagon Pagoda

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:28 pm

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Maha Bodhi replica at Shwedagon

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:29 pm

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:29 pm

Shwethalyaung Buddha

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:30 pm

The Shwethalyaung Buddha is a reclining Buddha in the west side of Bago (Pegu), Burma (Myanmar). The Buddha, which has a length of 55 m (180 ft) and a height of 16 m (52 ft), is the second largest Buddha in the world, after the 74 m reclining Buddha in Dawei (Tavoy). The Buddha is believed to have been built in 994, during the reign of Mon King Migadepa. It was lost in 1757 when Pegu was pillaged, and during British colonial rule, in 1880, the Shwethalyaung Buddha was rediscovered. Restoration began in 1881, and Buddha's mosaic pillows (on its left side) were added in 1930.

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:31 pm

Taktshang (Tiger's Nest)

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:32 pm

Taktshang (Tiger's Nest) is one of the most famous monasteries in Bhutan. Completed in 1692, it hangs on a cliff at 3,120 metres (10,200 feet), some 700 meters (2,300 feet) above the bottom of Paro valley, some 10 km from the district town of Paro. Famous visitors include Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal in the 17th century and Milarepa. The name means "Tiger's nest", the legend being that Padmasambhava (Guru Rinpoche) flew there on the back of a tiger. The monastery includes seven temples which can all be visited. The monastery suffered several blazes and is a recent restoration. Climbing to the monastery is on foot or mule.

At 2,300 feet above the valley, it is one of the highest monasteries or temples off the ground.

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Re: Super large temples

Post by DNS » Tue Jul 16, 2019 10:32 pm

Ushiku Daibutsu

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