Neminatha

the way of ahimsa; Digambara and Svetambara
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Neminatha

Post by DNS » Sun Nov 11, 2018 4:31 am

Neminatha is the twenty-second Tirthankara (ford-maker) in Jainism.[3] He is also known simply as Nemi, or as Aristanemi which is an epithet of the sun-chariot. Along with Mahavira, Parshvanatha and Rishabhanatha, Neminatha is one of the four Tirthankaras that attract the most devotional worship among the Jains.[4]

According to Jain beliefs, Neminatha lived 84,000 years before the 23rd Tirthankara Parshvanatha. He is one of the 24 Tirthankaras in Jain theology, in the avasarpini cycle of Jain cosmology. He is a legendary figure, who lived for 1,000 years,[2] and was the youngest son of King Samudravijaya and Queen Shivadevi. He is believed in Jainism to be the cousin of the Hindu god Krishna,[3] and his iconography includes the same conch as found with the Hindu god Vishnu.[5] He was born at Sauripura (Dvaraka) in the Yadu lineage, like Krishna.[6] His birth date is the 5th day of Shravana Shukla in the Hindu calendar. He herded cattle and became fond of animals.[6] According to Jain mythology, on his wedding day Neminatha heard the cries of animals being killed for the marriage feast,[7] and moved by the sorrow he renounced the world – a scene found in many Jain artwork.[3][8][9] He attained moksha on Girnar Hills near Junagadh, a pilgrimage center for Jains.[3]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neminatha

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Re: Neminatha

Post by DNS » Sun Nov 11, 2018 4:31 am

The name Neminatha consists of two Sanskrit words, Nemi which means "rim, felly of a wheel" or alternatively "thunderbolt",[10] and Natha which means "lord, patron, protector".[11] According to the Jain text Uttarapurana, as well as the explanation of Hemachandra, it was the ancient Indian deity Indra who named the 22nd Tirthankara as Neminatha, because he viewed the Jina as the "rim of the wheel of dharma". In Svetambara Jain texts, his name Aristanemi came from a dream his mother had when he was in the womb, where she saw a "wheel of Arista jewels".[12] His full name was Aristanemi which is an epithet of the sun-chariot.[13][14]

Neminatha is the 22nd Tirthankara in Jain tradition, and his name is spelled close to the 21st Tirthankara Naminatha. According to Jain history, there was a gap of 500,000 years between the two.[7]

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Re: Neminatha

Post by DNS » Sun Nov 11, 2018 4:32 am

Biography

Neminatha was born with a dark-blue skin complexion,[21] very handsome but a shy young man.[18] Jains consider Neminatha to be the son of Samudravijaya, brother of Hindu god Krishna's father Vasudeva, therefore the cousin of Krishna.[22] He is mentioned as the cousin of Krishna in the Jain Puranas,[9] and Trishashti-salaka-purusha-charitra.[22][23] On being taunted by Satyabhama, wife of Krishna, Neminatha blew Panchajanya, the mighty conch of Krishna. According to Jain texts, no one could lift Vishnu's conch except Krishna, let alone blow it. After this event, Jain Puranas state that Krishna decided to test Neminatha's strength and challenged him for a friendly duel. Neminatha, being a Tirthankara, defeated Krishna without any effort.[24] In the war between Krishna and Jarasandha, Neminatha participated alongside Krishna.[25]

According to Long, the Jain legends state that Neminatha taught Krishna the knowledge that he shared with Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita, a historic reason that has led Jains to accept, read and cite the Bhagavad Gita as a spiritually important text, celebrate Krishna related festivals and intermingle with Hindus as spiritual cousins.[26]
Depiction of wedding procession of Neminatha. His legend states that he renounced after hearing animal cries while they were being sacrificed to prepare his wedding feast.[5]

It is further mentioned that Neminatha's marriage was arranged with Rajulakumari or Rajimati, the daughter of King Ugrasena of Dwaraka (Ugrasena was maternal grandfather of Krishna). According to Jain legends, Neminatha heard animal cries as they were being slaughtered for the marriage feast. Taken over by sorrow and distress at the sight, he gave up the desire of getting married, renounced his worldly life, became a monk and went to Mount Girnar to lead a mendicant's life.[27][28][7] His bride-to-be followed him, became a nun and joined the ascetic order.[23] According to Kalpasutras, he led an ascetic life there by eating only once every three days,[29] meditated for 55 days and then obtained omniscience on Mount Raivataka, under a Mahavenu tree.[21] After a life of about 1,000 years,[30] he is said to have attained moksha (nirvana) on Mount Girnar.[23][28] Of these 1,000 years, he spent 300 years as a bachelor, 54 days as an ascetic monk and 700 years as an omniscient being.[29]

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Re: Neminatha

Post by DNS » Sun Nov 11, 2018 4:33 am

Historicity

Unlike the last two (most recent) Tirthankaras, historians consider Neminatha and all other Tirthankaras to be legendary characters.[3]

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Re: Neminatha

Post by DNS » Sun Nov 11, 2018 4:34 am

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Re: Neminatha

Post by DNS » Sun Nov 11, 2018 4:34 am

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Image of Neminatha at a Jain temple in Bateshwar, Uttar Pradesh

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Re: Neminatha

Post by DNS » Sun Nov 11, 2018 4:35 am

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Re: Neminatha

Post by DNS » Sun Nov 11, 2018 4:35 am

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Re: Neminatha

Post by DNS » Sun Nov 11, 2018 4:36 am

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Chavundaraya Basadi in Shravanabelagola

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