Good and Evil

Cultivating virtue, generosity, renunciation, wisdom, energy, patience, truthfulness, resolve, universal love, equanimity, compassion.
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Nicholas
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Good and Evil

Post by Nicholas » Wed Jun 24, 2020 4:49 pm

All traditions agree that this polarity in the thoughts, words and deeds of humans exists. They also agree to live following Good, not Evil. So this thread will give examples of this basic duality that faces nearly everyone.
We see that man, who proudly believes himself to be a “free agent” —
the master of his life and even of nature — is in his spiritually undeveloped state actually a passive
patient driven about by inner forces he does not recognise. Pulled by his greed and pushed by his
hatred, in his blindness he does not see that the brakes for stopping these frantic movements are in
his reach, within his own heart. The brakes are the roots of good themselves, which can be
cultivated to such a degree that greed, hatred and delusion are utterly destroyed.
Nyanaponika
May all seek, find and follow the Path of Buddhas.

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Nicholas
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Re: Good and Evil

Post by Nicholas » Thu Jun 25, 2020 9:54 pm

[Buddha]: There are, O monks, three roots of the unwholesome: greed, hatred and delusion.
Greed, hatred and delusion of every kind are unwholesome. Whatever kamma a greedy,
hating and deluded person heaps up, by deeds, words or thoughts, that, too, is unwholesome.
Whatever suffering such a person, overpowered by greed, hatred and delusion, his
thoughts controlled by them, inflicts under false pretexts upon another—by killing,
imprisonment, confiscation of property, false accusations or expulsion, being prompted in
this by the thought, “I have power and I want power”—all this is unwholesome too. In this
manner, there arise in him many evil unwholesome states of mind, born of and originating
from greed, hatred and delusion, caused and conditioned by greed, hatred and delusion.
AN 3:69
May all seek, find and follow the Path of Buddhas.

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Nicholas
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Re: Good and Evil

Post by Nicholas » Wed Jul 01, 2020 3:51 am

The Range of the Six Roots

(a) The Unwholesome. The three unwholesome roots are not restricted to the strong manifestations
suggested by the English terms greed, hatred and delusion. To understand their range it is
important to know that in the Pali these three terms stand for all degrees of intensity, even the
weakest, of the three defilements, and for all varieties in which these appear. In their weak degrees
their unwholesome influence on character and kammic consequences is, of course, not as grave as
that of their stronger forms. But even weak forms may carry the risk of either growing stronger or
of making a person’s character more susceptible to their graver manifestations. A fuller view of the
various forms the unwholesome roots assume may be gained from a list of their synonyms, partly
taken from the Dhammasaṅgaṇī, the first book of the Abhidhamma Piṭaka.

Greed: liking, wishing, longing, fondness, affection, attachment, lust, cupidity, craving, passion,
self-indulgence, possessiveness, avarice; desire for the five sense objects; desire for wealth,
offspring, fame, etc.
Hatred: dislike, disgust, revulsion, resentment, grudge, ill-humour, vexation, irritability,
antagonism, aversion, anger, wrath, vengefulness.
Delusion: stupidity, dullness, confusion, ignorance of essentials (e.g., the Four Noble Truths),
prejudice, ideological dogmatism, fanaticism, wrong views, conceit.
Last edited by Nicholas on Wed Jul 01, 2020 3:53 am, edited 1 time in total.
May all seek, find and follow the Path of Buddhas.

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Nicholas
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Re: Good and Evil

Post by Nicholas » Wed Jul 01, 2020 3:52 am

(b) The Wholesome. Though formulated negatively, the three wholesome roots signify positive traits:

Non-greed: unselfishness, liberality, generosity; thoughts and actions of sacrifice and sharing;
renunciation, dispassion.
Non-hatred: loving kindness, compassion, sympathy, friendliness, forgiveness, forbearance.
Non-delusion: wisdom, insight, knowledge, understanding, intelligence, sagacity, discrimination,
impartiality, equanimity.
May all seek, find and follow the Path of Buddhas.

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